The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) committee opinion on immersion in water during labor and delivery
The New Zealand College of Midwives (Inc) supports warm water immersion for women during labour as a method of pain management. There is no evidence that remaining in water for the birth of the baby leads to adverse outcomes for the mother or baby where the labour has been within normal parameters.
The American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) position statement on hydrotherapy during labor and birth.
The American Association of Birth Centers (AABC) member birth centers have read with concern the recently released ACOG/AAP Committee Opinion, “Immersion in Water during Labor and Delivery”. AABC agrees that published randomized controlled trials provide evidence demonstrating the benefits of immersion in water during the first stage of labor; however, the committee opinion does not
MIDIRS overview of waterbirth practice and evidence.
Both the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and the Royal College of Midwives support labouring in water for healthy women with uncomplicated pregnancies.